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Professor Virginia Slaughter
  – Professor and Head of School

Picture of 'Professor Virginia Slaughter'
Professor Virginia Slaughter
Room:
MC-335
Email:
Phone:
33656220
Fax:
33654466
Webpage:
Postal Address:

Early Cognitive Development Centre
School of Psychology
University of Queensland, Australia
Brisbane, QLD 4072

Username: vps
Picture of 'Professor Virginia Slaughter'
Professor Virginia Slaughter
Qualifications:

B.A. (Sarah Lawrence College, New York)

Ph.D. (University of California, Berkeley)

Graduate Certificate in Higher Education (University of Queensland)

 

Background:

Moved to Queensland in 1996. Australian and US citizenship.

Three children: Katie, 19; Rorie, 16; Brian, 9.

 

Professional Activities:

Associate Editor:

  • Child Development (2013 - present)
  • British Journal of Developmental Psychology  (2003 – 2013)
  • Australian Journal of Psychology  (2005 – 2011)

Editorial Boards:

  • British Journal of Developmental Psychology  (2014 – present)
  • Frontiers in Developmental Psychology (2010 – present)
  • Journal of Experimental Child Psychology  (2009 – present)
  • Cognitive Development  (2007 – present)
  • Child Development  (1999 - 2000)

Member, Fellowship Fund Incorporated, branch of Graduate Women Queensland.  This organisation grants scholarships to women pursuing postgraduate studies (http://fellowshipsfund.com.au/).

Awards:

Fellow, Association for Psychological Science

Australian Award for University Teaching in the category Teaching Large First Year Classes

University of Queensland Foundation Research Excellence Award

University of Queensland Teaching Excellence Award

Australian Psychological Society Early Career Research Excellence Award

 

Picture of 'Professor Virginia Slaughter'
Professor Virginia Slaughter
Research Activities:

Research areas:

  • Theory of mind in infancy and early childhood
  • Social cognition in infancy (imitation, joint attention, ownership concepts)
  • Early development of human body representations
  • Number cognition in infants and toddlers

Some current projects:

  • Yours and mine: development of the concept of ownership in typical children and those on the autism spectrum (ARC Discovery Project; Kritikos, Slaughter, Sofronoff & Bayliss)
  • Mothers’ and their children’s health study: Understanding disparities in health and health service utilisation among Australian families. (NHMRC Project; Mishra, Davies, Dobson, Slaughter, Loxton, Hesketh,  Tooth & Koupil)
  • Charting the prevalence, time course and social-cognitive correlates of neonatal imitation (ARC Discovery Project; Slaughter, Nielsen & Suddendorf)
  • Theory of mind and everyday social behaviour in children with autism, deafness and typical development  (ARC Discovery Project; Peterson, Slaughter, Wellman & Moore)
  • Infants' discrimination of correct from incorrect counting
Representative Publications:

 

Books

Slaughter, V. & Brownell, C. (Eds.) (2011). Early Development of Body Representations. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press; Cambridge Studies in Cognitive and Perceptual Development. 

Lillienfeld, S., Lynn, S, Namy, L., Woolf, N., Jamieson, G., Haslam, N. & Slaughter, V.  (2011). Psychology: From Inquiry to Understanding: Australian Edition.  Pearson Education.

Slaughter, V. & Heron, M. (2004). Origins and early development of human body knowledge.  Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. Serial number 276, 69(2).

Repacholi, B. & Slaughter, V. (Eds.)  (2003). Individual Differences in Theory of Mind: Implications for Typical and Atypical Development. Hove: Psychology Press.  

Book chapters

Slaughter, V. & Peterson, C.  (2012). How conversational input shapes theory of mind development in infancy and early childhood.  In M. Siegal and L. Surian (Eds.)Access to Language and Cognitive Development(pp. 3 - 22). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Slaughter, V., Heron-Delaney, M., & Christie, T.  (2011).  Developing expertise in human body perception.  In V. Slaughter & C. Brownell (Eds.)  Early Development of Body Representations (pp. 81-100).  Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press; Cambridge Studies in Cognitive and Perceptual Development.

Slaughter, V.  (2011).  Development of social cognition.  In D. Skuse, H. Bruce, L. Dowdney & D. Mrazek (Eds.) Child Psychology and Psychiatry - Frameworks for Practice (pp. 51-55).  London: Wiley Blackwell.

Slaughter, V.  (2011). Early adoption of Machiavellian attitudes: Implications for children’s interpersonal relationships.  In T. Barry, C., P. Kerig, & K. Stellwagen (Eds.)  Narcissism and Machiavellianism in youth: Implications for the Development of Adaptive and Maladaptive Behavior (pp. 177-192).  Washington, DC: APA Books.  

Nielsen, M. & Slaughter, V.  (2007).  Multiple motivations for imitation in infancy.  In K. Dautenhahn & C. L. Nehaniv (Eds.)  Models and Mechanisms of Imitation and Social Learning in Robots, Humans and Animals: Behavioural, Social and Communicative Dimensions (pp. 343 – 360). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Slaughter, V. & Repacholi, B.  (2003).  Individual differences in theory of mind: What are we investigating?  In B. Repacholi & V. Slaughter (Eds.) Individual Differences in Theory of Mind: Implications for Typical and Atypical Development (pp. 1 –12). Hove: Psychology Press.

Repacholi, B., Slaughter, V.,  Pritchard, M. & Gibbs, V. (2003).  Theory of mind, Machiavellianism and social functioning in childhood. In  B. Repacholi & V. Slaughter (Eds.) Individual Differences in Theory of Mind: Implications for Typical and Atypical Development (pp. 67 – 98). Hove: Psychology Press.

Slaughter, V., Jaakkola, R. & Carey, S.  (1999).  Constructing a coherent theory: Children’s biological understanding of life and death. In M. Siegal & C. Peterson (Eds.)  Children’s Understanding of Biology and Health (pp. 71 – 98). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gopnik, A., Slaughter, V. & Meltzoff, A.  (1994).  Changing your views: How understanding visual perception can lead to a new theory of mind.  In C. Lewis & P. Mitchell (Eds.) Children's Early Understanding of Mind: Origins and Development (pp. 157-181).  Hilsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Journal articles

Slaughter, V. & Ong. S. S. (in press).  Social behaviours increase more when children with ASD are imitated by their mothers versus an unfamiliar adult.  Autism Research.

Schneider, D., Slaughter, V., & Dux, P.  (in press).  What do we know about implicit false-belief tracking?  Psychonomic Bulletin & Review.

Shahaeian, A., Nielsen, M., Peterson, C., & Slaughter, V.  (in press). Iranian mothers’ disciplinary strategies and theory of mind in children: A focus on belief understanding.  Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology.

Shahaeian, A., Nielsen, M., Peterson, C., & Slaughter, V.  (in press).  Cultural and family influences on children’s theory of mind development: A comparison of Australian and Iranian school-age children.  Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology.

De Rosnay, M., Fink, E., Begeer, S., Slaughter, V., & Peterson, C.  (in press).  Talking theory of mind talk:  Young school-aged children’s everyday conversation and understanding of mind and emotion.  Journal of Child Language.

O’Haire, M., McKenzie, S., & McCune, S., & Slaughter, V.  (in press). Effects of a classroom-based animal-assisted intervention on social functioning in children with autism spectrum disorder.  Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine.

Oostenbroek, J., Slaughter, V., Nielsen, M. & Suddendorf, T.  (2013).  Why the confusion around neonatal imitation?  Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 31, 328-341.

Fink, E., De Rosnay, M., Peterson, C., & Slaughter, V.  (2013).  Validation of the Peer Social Maturity Scale for assessing children's social skills.  Infant and Child Development, 22, 539-552.

Erlich, N., Slaughter, V., & Lipp, O.  (2013). Of hissing snakes and angry voices: Human infants demonstrate differential responsiveness to evolutionary fear-relevant sounds. Developmental Science, 16, 894-904.

Kuntoro, I., Saraswati, L., Peterson, C. & Slaughter, V.  (2013).  Micro-cultural influences on theory of mind development: A comparative study of middle-class and pemulung children in Jakarta, Indonesia.  International Journal of Behavioral Development, 37, 266-273.

Schneider, D., Slaughter, V., Bayliss, A. & Dux, P.  (2013). A temporally sustained implicit theory of mind deficit in Autism Spectrum Disorders.  Cognition, 129, 410-417.

O’Haire, M. E., McKenzie, S. J., McCune, S., & Slaughter, V. (2013). Effects of animal-assisted activities with guinea pigs in the primary school classroom. Anthrozoös: A MultidisciplinaryJournal of the Interactions of People and Animals, 26, 445-458.

Guzzetta, A., Boyd, R., Perez, M., Zivani, J., Burzi, V., Slaughter, V., et al. (2013).  UP-BEAT (Upper Limb Baby Early Action-observation Training) – Two parallel randomised controlled trials of action observation training for typically developing infants and infants with asymmetric brain lesions.  BMJ Open, 14, 3(2). pii: e002512. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002512.

O’Haire, M., McKenzie, S., & Beck, A., & Slaughter, V.  (2013).  Social behaviors increase in children with autism in the presence of animals compared to toys. PLoS ONE 8(2): e57010. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057010.

Peterson, C., Slaughter, V., Peterson, J., & Premack, D.  (2013).  Children with autism can track others’ beliefs in a competitive game.  Developmental Science, 16, 443-450.

Nielsen, M., Slaughter, V., & Dissanayake, C.  (2013).  Object directed imitation in high-functioning autistic children: Testing the social motivation hypothesis.  Autism Research, 6, 23-32.

Slaughter, V., Peterson, C., & Moore, C. (2013).  I can talk you into it: Theory of mind and persuasion behaviour in young children.  Developmental Psychology, 49, 227-231.

Suddendorf, T., Oostenbroek, J., Nielsen, M., & Slaughter, V. (2013). Is newborn imitation developmentally homologous to later social-cognitive skills?  Developmental Psychobiology, 55, 52-58.

Morita, T., Slaughter, V., Katayama, N., Kitazaki, M., & Itakura, S.  (2012).  Infants’ and adults’ perception of possible and impossible body movements: An eye-tracking study.  Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 113, 401-414.

Peterson, C., Wellman, H., & Slaughter, V.  (2012).  The mind behind the message: Advancing theory of mind scales for typically developing children, and those with deafness, autism, or Asperger Syndrome. Child Development, 83, 469-485.

Slaughter, V.  (2011).  Human body perception and higher-level person perception are dissociated in early development. Cognitive Neuroscience, 2, 206-207.

Shahaeian, A., Peterson, C., Slaughter, V., & Wellman, H. (2011). Culture and the sequence of steps in theory of mind development. Developmental Psychology, 47, 1239-1247.

Slaughter, V., Itakura, S., Kutsuki, A. & Siegal, M.  (2011).  Learning to count begins in infancy: Evidence from 18-month-olds’ visual preferences.  Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 278, 2979-2984.

Slaughter, V. & Neary, P.  (2011).  Do young infants respond socially to human hands?  Infant Behavior and Development, 34, 374–377.

O’Brien, K., Slaughter, V., & Peterson, C.  (2011).  Sibling influences on theory of mind development for children with ASD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 713-719.

Brown, F. & Slaughter, V. (2011). Normal body, beautiful body: Discrepant perceptions reveal a pervasive ‘thin ideal’ in childhood.  Body Image, 8, 119-125.

Slaughter, V. & Heron-Delaney, M.  (2011). When do infants expect hands to be connected to a person?  Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 108, 220-227.

Slaughter, V.  & Ting, C.  (2010).  Development of ideas about food and nutrition from preschool to university.  Appetite, 55, 556-564.

Ramm, B., Cummins, T., & Slaughter, V.  (2010).  Specifying the human body configuration. Visual Cognition, 18, 898–919.

Christie, T., & Slaughter, V.  (2010).  Movement facilitates infants’ recognition of the whole human form. Cognition, 114, 329–337.

Heron, M. & Slaughter, V.  (2010).  Infants’ responses to real humans and representations of humans.  International Journal of Behavioral Development, 34, 34-45.

Slaughter, V., Peterson, C., & Carpenter, M.  (2009). Maternal mental state talk and infants’ early gestural communication.  Journal of Child Language, 36, 1053-1074.

Peterson, C. & Slaughter, V.  (2009).  Eye reading and false belief understanding in children with autism, deafness or typical development. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 3, 462-473.

Christie, T., & Slaughter, V. (2009). Exploring links between sensori-motor and visuo-spatial body representations in infancy. Developmental Neuropsychology, 34, 448-460.

Hudry, K. & Slaughter, V.  (2009). Agent familiarity and emotional context influence the everyday empathic responding of young children with autism.  Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 3, 74-85.

Slaughter, V., Peterson, C., & Carpenter, M.  (2008). Maternal talk about mental states and the emergence of joint visual attention. Infancy, 13, 640–659.

Heron, M., & Slaughter, V.  (2008). Toddlers’ categorization of typical and scrambled dolls and cars.   Infant Behavior and Development, 31, 374-385.

Lim, H., & Slaughter, V. (2008).  Brief report: Human figure drawings in children with Asperger’s Syndrome.  Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 988–994.

Slaughter, V., Nielsen, M., & Enchelmaier, P.  (2008).  Interacting socially with human hands at 24 months of age.  Infancy, 13, 1-11.

Peterson, C., Slaughter, V., & Paynter, J. (2007).  Social maturity and theory of mind in typically developing children and those on the autism spectrum.  Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, 1243-1250.

Slaughter, V. & Griffiths, M.  (2007). Death understanding and fear of death in young children.  Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 12, 525-535.

Slaughter, V., & Suddendorf, T.  (2007).  Participant loss due to “fussiness” in infant visual paradigms: A review of the last 20 years.  Infant Behavior and Development, 30, 505-514.

Slaughter, V., Peterson, C., & Mackintosh, E.  (2007).  Mind what mother says: Narrative input and theory of mind in typical children and those on the autism spectrum. Child Development, 78, 839-858.

Christie, T., & Slaughter, V.  (2007). Early development of body representations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 30, 203-204.

Slaughter, V., & Corbett, D.  (2007). Differential copying of human and non-human models at 12 and 18 months of age.  European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 4, 31-35.  Special Issue on Social Cognition During Infancy. Reprinted in V. Reid,  T. Striano, & W. Koops (Eds.), Social Cognition During Infancy (pp. 31 – 46). Hove: Psychology Press.  

Peterson, C. & Slaughter, V.  (2006).  Telling the story of ToM: Deaf and hearing children's narratives and false belief understanding. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 24, 151-179.

Nielsen, M., Suddendorf, T.,  & Slaughter, V.  (2006).  Mirror self-recognition beyond the face.  Child Development, 77, 176-185.

Slaughter, V., Kamppi, D., & Paynter, J.  (2006). Toddler subtraction with large sets: Further evidence for an analog-magnitude representation of number.  Developmental Science, 9, 33-39.

Slaughter, V. (2005). Young children’s understanding of death, Australian Psychologist. 40, 179-186.

Symons, D., Peterson, C., Slaughter, V., Doyle E., & Roche, J. (2005).  Theory of mind and mental state discourse during book reading and story-telling tasks.  British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 23, 81-102.

Slaughter, V., Stone, V. & Reed, C.  (2004). Perception of faces and bodies: Similar or different?  Current Directions in Psychological Science. 13, 219-223.

Slaughter, V.  (2004).  Emulator as body schema.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 27, 415-416.

Connolly, J., Slaughter, V. & Mealey, L.  (2004).  The development of preferences for specific body shapes.  Journal of Sex Research, 41,  5-15.

Peterson, C., & Slaughter, V.  (2003). Opening windows into the mind: Mothers’ preferences for mental state explanations and children’s theory of mind.  Cognitive Development, 18, 399-429.

Slaughter, V., & McConnell, D.  (2003). Emergence of joint attention: Relationships  between gaze-following, social referencing, imitation and naming in infancy. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 164, 54-73.

Slaughter, V., & Lyons, M.  (2003). Learning about life and death in early childhood.  Cognitive Psychology, 43, 1-30.

Slaughter, V., Dennis, M. & Pritchard, M.  (2002). Theory of mind and peer acceptance in preschoolers.   British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 20, 545-564.

Jaakkola, K., & Slaughter, V.  (2002).   Children’s body knowledge: Understanding “life” as a biological goal. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 20, 325-342.

Slaughter, V., Heron, M., & Sim, S. (2002).  Development of preferences for the human body shape in infancy.  Cognition, 85, B71-B81.

Slaughter, V., & Boh, W.  (2001). Decalage in infants’ search for mothers versus toys demonstrated with a delayed response task.  Infancy, 2, 405-413.

Connolly, J., Mealey, L., & Slaughter, V.  (2000). The development of waist-to-hip ratio preferences.  Perspectives in Human Biology, 5, 19-29.

Waters, L., Siegal, M., & Slaughter, V.  (2000).  Development of inductive reasoning and the tension between scientific and conversational inference.  Social Development, 9, 383-396.

Slaughter, V., & Mealey, L.  (1998).  Seeing is not (necessarily) believing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 25, 130.

Johnson, S., Slaughter, V., & Carey, S.  (1998).  Whose gaze will infants follow?   The elicitation of gaze-following in 12-month-olds.  Developmental Science, 1, 233-238.

Slaughter, V.  (1998).  Children’s understanding of pictorial and mental representations.  Child Development, 69, 321-332.

Slaughter, V., & Gopnik, A. (1996).  Conceptual coherence in the child's theory of mind: Training children to understand belief.  Child Development, 67, 2967-2988.

Gopnik, A., & Slaughter, V.  (1991).  Young children's understanding of changes in their mental states. Child Development, 62, 98-110.

 

Picture of 'Professor Virginia Slaughter'
Professor Virginia Slaughter
Topics:
Cognitive development - children`s concepts, knowledge of numbers, research methods in developmental psychology. Social development - children`s understanding of their own and others` minds, development of self-concept. Infant cognition - methods for testing babies, infants` social knowledge.
Keywords:
Cognitive development, Social knowledge testing of babies, Children's concepts, Knowledge of numbers - learning, Numbers - knowledge of, Developmental psychology, Social development - children, Self concept development, Infant cognition, Cognition and infants
Course Coordinator:
  • Semester 1, 2012
    PSYC1030 - Introduction to Psychology: Development, Social, and Clinical Psychology
  • Semester 1, 2012
    PSYC3162 - Development in Infancy
  • Semester 2, 2012
    PSYC1030 - Introduction to Psychology: Development, Social, and Clinical Psychology
  • Semester 1, 2011
    PSYC1030 - Introduction to Psychology: Development, Social, and Clinical Psychology
  • Semester 1, 2011
    PSYC3162 - Development in Infancy
  • Semester 1, 2009
    PSYC4141 - Reading Course
  • Semester 2, 2009
    PSYC3162 - Development in Infancy

Note: Coordinator roles prior to 2009 and tutor roles prior to 2006 are not included.

Research Area:
Developmental Psychology
Synopsis:

General areas of interest: cognitive development in infancy and early childhood; theory of mind; development of knowledge about the human body; development of biological concepts; early numerical knowledge.

I am happy to develop new ideas in these areas with Honours students.  I also have some pre-conceived projects for 2014.  These include:

(1) in several recent studies we have shown that 18-month-olds recognise when someone makes an error while counting objects.  This indicates that infants recognise violations of the abstract principles of counting, prior to mastering counting behaviour.  There are several directions we can take with this work; I would be particularly interested to supervise a training study to evaluate whether or not increased exposure to counting, or exposure to novel counting events (such as counting in a foreign language) influences infants' sensitivity to counting errors.

(2) a recent study suggested that infants are 'prepared' to fear natural predators, such as snakes.  This is evident in their tendency to visually fixate on videos of snakes compared to other animals, when they are also being exposed to a fearful voice.  The visual preference for snakes is not present when the voice is neutral.  Using a similar paradigm,  I would like a student to test whether or not infants are also prepared to fear sharks. 

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