Don Langille's Title: Risk of Depression and Sexual Risk Taking among Adolescents in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Canada
There are several adverse social consequences of depression in adolescence, including academic failure, poor peer relationships, and conflict with parents or other authority figures. However, there are few data on the effects of depression on sexual activity. By their final year of secondary education, over 60% of adolescents in Nova Scotia have had sexual intercourse at least once. Such sexual exploration is a normal aspect of adolescent development, but some sexual behaviours place teenagers at an increased risk of negative health outcomes such as contracting STIs or becoming pregnant. The presence of depressive symptoms has been associated with sexual risk taking behaviours in adolescents, but little work has been done to control for possible confounding factors in such studies. This research examines associations between screening positive for risk of depression and sexual risk-taking behaviours in Nova Scotia high school students after accounting for effects of other variables.
Dr. Don Langille is a Professor in the Department of Community Health and Epidemiology in the Faculty of Medicine at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. He received his medical degree from Dalhousie in 1974 and his Master’s Degree in Community Health Science from the University of British Columbia in 1987. He completed Health Canada’s program in Field Epidemiology in 1992. Earlier in his career he practiced as a primary care physician and as a Medical Officer of Health in rural Nova Scotia. Since arriving at Dalhousie in 1992, Dr. Langille has been involved in research on adolescent sexual health and related school-based health services throughout Nova Scotia. He has published widely in Canadian and international journals, and his work has been influential in shaping policies directed at providing innovative school-based health services in Nova Scotia.