Recent research shows preliminary support for the use of the Triple P—Positive Parenting Program among parents living in extreme poverty in informal settlements (slums) in Nairobi (Kenya). This project was the first examine the use of Triple P in Africa and builds on previous work showing the program is effective in other low and middle income countries including Panama, China and Indonesia.
The research was conducted in partnership with the Parenting in Africa Network and the Parenting and Family Support Centre at UQ and was funded by the Open Society Institute East Africa. A mixed method approach was used to assess the cultural acceptability, perceived use and relevance of Triple P strategies in an African context. Quantitative changes in child and family outcomes were assessed longitudinally.
In total 29 parents (both mothers and fathers) completed the Group Triple P Program. Data was collected at pre-intervention, post-intervention and at 6 months follow up. Parents also participated in a qualitative focus group following the intervention. Parental feedback was overwhelmingly positive and suggested parents found the program highly relevant and useful. Mean client satisfaction ratings on Usefulness of Program Content and Intended Use of Strategies were high at 6.72 (.59) and 6.69 (.60) on a 7-point rating scale where higher scores indicated greater perceived helpfulness and intentions to implement the strategies. Qualitative feedback showed a similar pattern with parents making statements like “This will change my family. I have changed already” and “(The) Positive Parenting Program is an important program for parents on how to guide them (children) without hurting them”. Of particular note is that fact that parents reported using the strategies as alternative forms of harsh physical punishment suggesting parenting programs may have a role to play in reducing violence towards children.
Participation in Group Triple P also resulted in a number of improvements that were maintained, or continued to improve, at 6 months follow up. Parents who completed the intervention reported lower levels of child behaviour and emotional problems, lower levels of coercive discipline, and higher parenting efficacy, as well as lower levels of parental depression, anxiety and stress. These results show promise for the cultural acceptability and efficacy of Triple P as an evidence-based parenting program for disadvantaged parents in Africa and indicate that changes in the family environment can result in improvements in parental mood even when environmental stressors related to living in highly disadvantaged situations remain stable. More research in the field using RCT methodology is currently being planned. For more information please contact Dr Divna Haslam at: