School of Psychology
The University of Queensland
St Lucia, QLD 4072
BSc, BA (Hons. 1), PhD (UQ)
I am interested in processes related to learning, attention and emotion. I am particularly interested in how fear relevant stimuli, such as snakes and spiders, can so quickly capture our attention. I am also interested in whether a similar attentional bias exists for sufficiently positive stimuli.
My projects involve stimulus relevance and preferential attention; boundary conditions of evaluative learning; and learning and awareness.
Most of my work is conducted in the Emotion, Learning and Psychophysiology Laboratory: http://www2.psy.uq.edu.au/~landcp/
More information about my work in preferential processing and fear relevance is available on the project website: http://experiment.psy.uq.edu.au/fear/ [please note this project is no longer active].
Field, A.P., & Purkis, H.M. (2012). Associative learning and phobias, in: M. Haselgrove & L. Hogarth (Eds.), Clinical applications of learning theory. Psychology Press: Hove.
Field, A.P., & Purkis, H.M. (2012).The role of learning in the aetiology of child and adolescent fear and anxiety, in W. Silverman and A. Field (Eds). Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents: Research, Assessment, and Intervention (2nd edition). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Waters, A. M., Groth, T. A., Purkis, H. and Alston-knox, C. (2017) Predicting outcomes for anxious children receiving group cognitive-behavioural therapy: Does the type of anxiety diagnosis make a difference?. Clinical Psychologist. doi:10.1111/cp.12128
Purkis, H.M., Lester, K.J., & Field, A.P. (2011) But what about the empress of Racnoss: The allocation of attention to spiders and Dr Who in a visual search task is predicted by fear and expertise. Emotion, 11, 1484-1488.
Forbes, S.J., Purkis, H.M., & Lipp, O.V. (2011). Better safe than sorry: Simplistic fear-relevant stimuli capture attention. Cognition and Emotion, 25, 794-804.
Coelho, C.M., Gonçalves, D.C., Purkis, H., Pocinho, M., Pachana, N.A., & Byrne, G.J. (2010). Specific phobias in older adults: Characteristics and differential diagnosis. International Psychogeriatrics, 22, 702-711.
Purkis, H. M., & Lipp, O. V. (2010). Stimulus competition in pre/post and online ratings in an evaluative learning design. Learning and Motivation, 41, 84-94.
Coelho, C.M. , & Purkis, H. M. (2009).The origins of specific phobias: Influential theories and current perspectives, Review of General Psychology, 13, 335-348.
Purkis, H. M., Lipp, O. V., Edwards, M. E., & Barnes, R. (2009). An increase in stimulus arousal has differential effects on the processing speed of pleasant and unpleasant stimuli. Motivation and Emotion, 33, 353-361.
Purkis, H. M. & Lipp, O. V. (2009). Are snakes and spiders special? Acquisition of characteristics of fear relevant stimuli by non fear relevant stimuli. Cognition and Emotion, 23, 430-452.
Alhadad, S., Lipp, O. V., & Purkis, H. M. (2008). Modality specific attentional startle modulation during continuous performance tasks: a brief time is sufficient. Psychophysiology, 45, 1068-1078.
Fernández, M.C., Vila, J., Lipp, O.V., & Purkis, H.M. (2008). The effect of startle reflex habituation on cardiac defense: Interference between two protective reflexes. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 69, 27-32.
Blechert, J., Michael, T., Williams, S. L., Purkis, H. M., & Wilhelm, F. H. (2008) When Two Paradigms Meet: Does Evaluative Learning Extinguish in Differential Fear Conditioning? Learning and Motivation, 39, 58-70.
Lipp, O.V., Alhadad, S., & Purkis, H. M. (2007) Startle blink facilitation during the go signal of a reaction time task is not affected by movement preparation or attention to the go signal. Neuroscience Letters, 427, 94–98.
Purkis, H.M., & Lipp, O. V. (2007). Automatic attention does not equal automatic fear: Preferential attention without implicit valence. Emotion, 7, 314-323.
Lipp, O.V., Kaplan, D. M., & Purkis, H. M. (2006). Reaction time facilitation by acoustic task-irrelevant stimuli is not related to startle. Neuroscience Letters, 409, 124-127.
Lipp, O. V. & Purkis, H. M. (2006). The effects of assessment type on verbal ratings of conditional stimulus valence and contingency judgments: Implications for the extinction of evaluative Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behaviour Processes, 32, 431-440
Lipp, O. V. & Purkis, H. M. (2005). No support for dual process accounts of human affective learning in simple Pavlovian conditioning. Cognition and Emotion, 19, 269-282.
Purkis, H.M., & Lipp, O. V. (2001). "Does affective learning exist in the absence of contingency awareness?", Learning and Motivation, 32, 84-99.