School of Psychology - Directory - People - Dr Barnaby Dixson

Dr Barnaby Dixson
  – Postdoctoral Fellow

Picture of 'Dr Barnaby Dixson'
Dr Barnaby Dixson
Barnaby is a human behavioural ecologist, who is particularly interested in the evolution of human mate preferences. His research involves a unique combination of cross-cultural data collection in small-scale societies, behavioral research in the lab and phylogenetic analyses. His background is in anthropology, evolutionary ecology and animal behavior. His current research aims to understand how environmental pathogens shape mate choice across-cultures, including field research in Vanuatu, the behavioral processes that underpin mate choice and how nutrition impacts on obesity across cultures.
Room:
328
Email:
Fax:
+61 7 3365 4466
Postal Address:

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Picture of 'Dr Barnaby Dixson'
Dr Barnaby Dixson
Research Activities:

50. Dixson B. J. W., Sherlock, J. M., Cornwall, W., Kasumovic, M.M. 2017 Contest competition and men’s facial hair: Beards may not provide advantages in combat. Evolution and Human Behavior. Accepted 20/11/2017.

49. Dixson B. J. W., Lee, A. J., Blake, K. R., Jasienska, G & Marcinkowska, U. M. 2017. Women’s preferences for men’s beards show no relation to their ovarian cycle phase and sex hormone levels. Hormones and Behavior.

48. McIntosh, T., Lee, A. J;Sidari, M., Stower, R., Sherlock, J. M., Dixson B. J. W. 2017.Microbes and masculinity: Does exposure to pathogenic cues alter women’s preferences for male facial masculinity and beardedness? PloS One, 12(6), e0178206.

47. Dixson B. J. W., Little, A. C., *Dixson, H. G. W., & Brooks, R. C. 2017. Do prevailing environmental factors influence human preferences for facial morphology? Behavioral Ecology, 28, 1217-1227.

46. Dixson, B. J. W, & Rantala, M. J. Further evidence using a continuous measure of conception probability that women's preferences for male facial and body hair may not change with fecundability. Archives of Sexual Behavior. Accepted 24th February 2017.

45. Dixson, B. J. W., Rantala, M. J., *Melo, E. F., & Brooks R. C. 2017. Beards and the big city: Displays of masculinity may be amplified under crowded conditions. Evolution and Human Behavior, 38, 259-264.
 
44. Dixson, B. J. W., *Lee, A. J., *Sherlock, J. M., & *Talamas, S. N. 2017. Beneath the beard: Do facial morphometrics influence the strength of judgments of men’s beardedness? Evolution and Human Behavior. 38, 164-174.
 
43. Dixson, B. J. W. 2017. Facial width-to-height ratio and dominance. In T. K. Shackelford & V. A. Weekes-Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. Springer.
 
42. *Marcinkowska, U. M., Dixson B. J., Kozlov, M. V., Prasai, K., & Rantala, M. J. 2017. Men’s preferences for female facial femininity decline with age. Journal of Gerontology B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 72, 180-186.
 
41. *Sherlock, J. M., *Tegg, B., Sullikowski, D., & Dixson, B. J. W. 2017. Facial masculinity and beardedness determine men's explicit, but not their implicit, responses to male dominance. Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology, 3, 14–29.
 
40. Valentova, J. V., Varella, M., Bártová, K., ŠtÄ›rbová, Z., & Dixson, B. J.W. 2017. Mate preferences and choices for facial and body hair in heterosexual women and homosexual men: Effects of sex, population, homogamy, and imprinting-like effects. Evolution and Human Behavior, 38, 241-248.
 
39. Dixson, H.G., Dixson, B.J.W., Komugabe, A.F, & Low, J. In Press. Scaling Theory of Mind in a Small-Scale Society: a Case Study from Vanuatu. Child Development. Accepted 16/02/2017.
 
38. *Blake, K., Dixson, B. J.W, O’Dean, S. M., & Denson, T. F. No Association between ovarian hormones and wearing red clothing when using multinomial analyses. Hormones and Behavior. Accepted 7th December 2016.
 
37. Dixson, B. J.W. 2016. Masculinity and femininity. In T. K. Shackelford & V. A. Weekes-Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. Springer. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_3389-1
 
36. Dixson, B. J.W., Sullikowski, D., *Gouda-Vossos A., Rantala, M. J., & Brooks R. C. 2016. The masculinity paradox: Facial masculinity and beardedness interact to determine women’s ratings of men’s facial attractiveness Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 29, 2311-2320.
 
35. Dixson, B. J.W. 2016. Waist-to-hip ratio. In T. K. Shackelford & V. A. Weekes-Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. Springer. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_3-1
 
34. *Blake, K., Dixson, B.J.W, O’Dean, S. M., & Denson, T. F. 2016. Standardized methodological protocols for measuring the effects of fertility on women’s behavior: A data-driven approach contrasting counting and hormonal methods. Hormones and Behavior, 81, 74-83.
 
33. Dixson, B. J., & Rantala, M. J. 2016. The role of facial and body hair distribution in women’s judgments of men’s sexual attractiveness. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 45, 877-889.
 
32. Oldmeadow, J.A., & Dixson, B. J. 2016a. The association between men’s sexist attitudes and facial hair. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 45, 891-899.
 
31. Oldmeadow, J.A., & Dixson, B. J. 2016b. No contradictions, but directions for further research: A reply to Hellmer and Stenson. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 45, 785-786.
                                                                
30. *Gouda-Vossos A., Dixson B. J., & Brooks R. C. 2016. Social selection and the gender gap: A complex interplay between sex, social context and age modifies ratings of attractiveness and status in women and men. PLoS One. 11(1): e0146269. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0146269
 
29. *Patterson, L. J., Dixson, B.J., Little, A.C., & Vasey, P.L. 2016. Reconsidering male bisexuality: Sexual activity role and sexual attraction in Samoan men who engage in sexual interactions with Fa’afafine. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 3, 11-26.
 
28. *Geniole, S. N., Denson T. F., Dixson B. J., Carré, J.M., & McCormick, C. M. 2015. Evidence from meta analyses of the facial width-to-height ratio as an evolved cue of threat.PloS ONE. 10(7): e0132726. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0132726
 
27. Dixson B. J., *Duncan, M., & Dixson A. F. 2015. The role of breast size and areolar pigmentation in perceptions of women’s attractiveness, reproductive health, sexual maturity, nurturing abilities, and age. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 44, 1685-1695.
 
26. Grueter, C. C, Isler, K., & Dixson. B. J. W. 2015. Are primate badges of status adaptive in large groups? Evolution and Human Behavior, 36, 398-406.
 
25. Brooks R. C., Jordan, A.L., Shelly, J., Dixson B. J. W. 2015. The multivariate evolution of female body shape in an artificial digital ecosystem. Evolution and Human Behavior, 36, 351-358.
 
24. Kasumovic, M. M., *Blake, K., Dixson, B. J., & Denson, T, F. 2015. Why do people play violent videogames? Demographic, status-related, and mating-related correlates in men and women.Personality and Individual Differences, 86, 204-211. 

23. *Patterson, L. J., Dixson, B.J., Little, A.C., & Vasey, P.L. 2015. Viewing time measures of sexual orientation in Samoan cisgender men who engage in sexual interactions with fa’afafine. PloS ONE 10(2): e0116529. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0116529

22. *Janif, J. Z., Brooks, R. C., & Dixson, B. J. 2015. Are preferences for women’s hair color frequency dependent? Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology. 1, 54-71.

21. Marcinkowska, U. M., Kozlov, M. V., Cai, H., Dixson, B. J., Guarduno, J. C., Gavita, O., Kaminski, G., Li, N., Onyishi, I. E., Prasai, K., Lyons, M. T., Pazhoohi, F., Prokop, P., Rosales, S., Sydney, N. V., & Rantala, M. J. 2014. Cross-cultural variation in men’s preferences for sexual dimorphism in women’s faces. Biology Letters, 10(4), 20130850.

20. Janif, J. Z., Brooks, R. C., & Dixson, B. J. 2014. Negative frequency-dependent preferences and variation in male facial hair. Biology Letters. 10(4), 20130958.

19. Dixson, B. J., Grimshaw, G. M., Ormsby D. K., & Dixson, A. F. 2014 Eye-tracking women's preferences for men's somatotypes. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35, 73-79.

18. Dixson B. J., Lester, P. J., Haywood, J., & Ormsby, D. K. 2013. Feeling the heat? Substantial variation in temperatures does not affect the proportion of males born in Australia. Human Biology: The International Journal of Population Genetics and Anthropology, 5, 757-767. 

17. Dixson, B. J., & Brooks, R. C. 2013. The role of facial hair in women's perceptions of men's attractiveness, health, masculinity and parenting abilities. Evolution and Human Behavior, 34, 236-241.

16. Dixson B. J., Tam J., & Awasthy M. 2013. Do women’s preferences for men’s facial hair change with reproductive status?Behavioral Ecology, 24, 708-716.

15. Dixson B. J., Lester, P. J., Haywood, J., & Ormsby, D. K. 2013. Ambient temperature variation does not influence regional proportion of human male births in New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 43, 67-74.

14. Dixson B. J., & Vasey, P. L. 2012. Beards augment perceptions of men’s aggressiveness, dominance and age, but not attractiveness. Behavioral Ecology, 23, 481-490.

13. Dixson B. J., Haywood, J., Lester, P. J., & Ormsby, D. K. 2011. Whatever the weather: ambient temperature does not influence the proportion of males born in New Zealand. PLoS ONE 6(9): e25064.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025064

12. Dixson A. F., & Dixson B. J. 2011. Venus figurines of the European Palaeolithic: Symbols of fertility or attractiveness? Journal of Anthropology. doi:10.1155/2011/569120

11. Dixson, B. J., Vasey, P. L., Sagato, K., Sibanda, N., Linklater, W. L., & Dixson, A. F. 2011. Male preferences for female breast morphology in New Zealand, Samoa and Papua New Guinea. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 1271-1279.

10. Dixson, B. J., Grimshaw, G. M., Linklater, W. L., & Dixson, A. F. 2011. Eye-tracking men’s preferences for female breast size and areola pigmentation. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 43-50.

9.  Dixson, B. J., Grimshaw, G. M., Linklater, W. L., & Dixson, A. F. 2011. Eye-tracking Men’s Preferences for Waist-to-Hip Ratio and Breast Size of Women. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 40, 51-58

8.  Singh, D., Dixson, B. J., Jessop, T. S., Morgan, B., & Dixson, A. F. 2010. Cross-cultural consensus for waist-to-hip ratio and women’s attractiveness. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31, 176-181.

7.  Dixson, B. J., Grimshaw, G. M., Linklater, W. L., & Dixson, A. F. 2010. Watching the hourglass: Eye-tracking reveals men’s appreciation of the female form. Human Nature, 21, 355-370.

6.  Dixson, B. J., Sagata, K., Linklater, W. L., & Dixson, A. F. 2010. Male Preferences for Female Waist-to-Hip Ratio and Body Mass Index in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 141, 620-625.

5.  Dixson, B. J., Dixson, A. F, Bishop, P., & Parrish, A. 2010. Human Physique and Sexual Attractiveness in Men and Women: A New Zealand – U.S.A Comparative Study. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 798-806.

4.  Dixson, B. J., Li, B., & Dixson, A. F. 2010. Female waist-to-hip ratio, body mass index and sexual attractiveness in China. Current Zoology, 56, 175-181.

3.  Dixson, B. J., Dixson, A. F., Li, B., & Anderson, M. J. 2007. Studies of Human Physique and Sexual Attractiveness: Sexual Preferences of Men and Women in China. American Journal of Human Biology, 19, 88-95.

2.  Dixson, B. J., Dixson, A. F., Morgan, B., & Anderson, M. J. 2007. Human Physique and Sexual Attractiveness: Sexual Preferences of Men and Women in Bakossiland, Cameroon. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 36, 369-375.

1. Dixson, A. F., Dixson, B. J., & Anderson, M. J. 2005. Sexual selection and the evolution of visually conspicuous sexually dimorphic traits in male monkeys, apes, and human beings. Annual Review of Sex Research,16, 1-17. 

Representative Publications:

1. Dixson B. J., & Vasey, P. L. 2012. Beards augment perceptions of men’s aggressiveness, dominance and age, but not attractiveness. Behavioral Ecology, 23, 481-490.

2. Brooks R. C., Jordan, A.L., Shelly, J., Dixson B. J. 2015. The multivariate evolution of female body shape in an artificial digital ecosystem. Evolution and Human Behavior, 36, 351-358.

3. Janif, J. Z., Brooks, R. C., & Dixson, B. J. 2014. Negative frequency-dependent preferences and variation in male facial hair. Biology Letters. 10(4), 20130958.

4. Grueter, C. C, Isler, K., & Dixson. B. J. 2015. Are primate badges of status adaptive in large groups? Evolution and Human Behavior. 36, 398-406.

5. Dixson, B. J., Dixson, A. F., Morgan, B., & Anderson, M. J. 2007. Human Physique and Sexual Attractiveness: Sexual Preferences of Men and Women in Bakossiland, Cameroon. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 36, 369-375.

Research Area:
Evolutionary
Synopsis:

My research concerns how evolutionary processes have shaped judgments of sexually dimorphic traits in men and women. 

Potential honours projects include:

1. Mulitvariate approaches to the evolution of body shape and body image.

2. Factors underpinning variation in men's beardedness.

3. Cross-cultural and ethnographic studies of human mating behaviour.

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