This study examined the efficacy of the Group Triple P-Positive Parenting Program with a Japanese population to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the program and the parenting skills taught in a crosscultural context. The present study was a randomised controlled trial of the Group Triple P program with Japanese parents in Australia. The study predicted that a Triple P intervention group would show: 1. Significant program effects at postintervention compared to a waitlist control condition. 2. The maintenance of the effects at the 3-month follow-up. 3. Considerable parenting acceptability (that is, program satisfaction and use of parenting skills). 4. Variation in usage of 17 parenting skills in terms of cultural diversity.
The target population was families with Japanese parent/s in Brisbane and the Gold Coast area of Queensland, Australia, whose children were aged 2 to 10 years. Participants were 50 families recruited through the Japanese Society and/or the Japanese Supplementary School where parents receive support to learn and maintain Japanese culture and language. Parents in the program were all Japanese: 47 mothers and one aunt carrying a maternal role whose partners included 13 Japanese fathers, 30 Australians and five of other ethnicity, and two Japanese fathers with Australian partners. The average age of the children targeted in the study was 4.9 years and there were 27 boys and 23 girls.
The results revealed significant reductions in parent reported child behaviour problems, parental overreactivity and laxness, and parental conflict as well as increasing parental competence. The acceptability of the program was found to be high.
The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and acceptability of Triple P with Japanese parents in Australia. At postintervention, parents in the intervention group reported significantly lower levels of child problem behaviours, higher levels of parental competence and lower levels of parental disagreements than parents in the wait-list condition. The program and parenting core skills were considerably accepted. However, significant effects were not found in levels of parental depression, anxiety or stress.