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Title:
A review of compassion-based interventions
Authors:
Kirby, James N.
Journal:
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 2016

Abstract

Purpose: Over the last 10–15 years, there has been a substantive increase in compassion-based interventions aiming to improve psychological functioning and well-being.

Methods: This study provides an overview and synthesis of the currently available compassion-based interventions. What do these programmes looks like, what are their aims, and what is the state of evidence underpinning each of them?

Results: This overview has found at least eight different compassion-based interventions (e.g., Compassion-Focused Therapy, Mindful Self-Compassion, Cultivating Compassion Training, Cognitively Based Compassion Training), with six having been evaluated in randomized controlled trials, and with a recent meta-analysis finding that compassion-based interventions produce moderate effect sizes for suffering and improved life satisfaction.

Conclusions: Although further research is warranted, the current state of evidence highlights the potential benefits of compassion-based interventions on a range of outcomes that clinicians can use in clinical practice with clients.

Practitioner points:

  • There are eight established compassion intervention programmes with six having RCT evidence.
  • The most evaluated intervention to date is compassion-focused therapy.
  • Further RCTs are needed in clinical populations for all compassion interventions.
  • Ten recommendations are provided to improve the evidence-base of compassion interventions.
Accessed: 1046 times
Created: Tuesday, 17th January 2017 by uqpjack1
Modified: Tuesday, 17th January 2017 by uqpjack1
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